Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Carangiformes
(Jacks) > Carangidae
(Jacks and pompanos) > Naucratinae
Etymology: Campogramma: Greek, kampe, -es = curvature, bent + Greek, gramma = mark, signal, letter (Ref. 45335). More on author: Lacepède.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; benthopelagic; depth range 15 - 30 m (Ref. 7097), usually - m (Ref. ). Subtropical; 0°C - ; 56°N - 12°N, 26°W - 27°E
Eastern Atlantic: British Isles to Senegal including Madeira and the Canary Islands. Also western Mediterranean Sea.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 60.0 cm FL male/unsexed; (Ref. 3397); common length : 58.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 3397); max. published weight: 2.8 kg (Ref. 27584)
Caught with bottom and pelagic trawls. Adults are pelagic or epibenthic (Ref. 7097) mostly in shallow waters. They feed mainly on schooling fishes (Ref. 4233). Eggs are pelagic (Ref. 4233).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Smith-Vaniz, W.F., 1986. Carangidae. p. 815-844. In P.J.P. Whitehead, M.-L. Bauchot, J.-C. Hureau, J. Nielsen and E. Tortonese (eds.) Fishes of the north-eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean. UNESCO, Paris. vol. 2. (Ref. 4233)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: minor commercial; gamefish: yes
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 10.3 - 20.7, mean 16.1 °C (based on 88 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 1.0000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01413 (0.00618 - 0.03226), b=2.94 (2.74 - 3.14), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 4.5 ±0.80 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate vulnerability (45 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 76.2 [42.3, 152.0] mg/100g ; Iron = 1.27 [0.77, 2.24] mg/100g ; Protein = 19.7 [18.6, 20.9] % ; Omega3 = 0.443 [0.272, 0.727] g/100g ; Selenium = 31.9 [16.2, 66.8] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 27.6 [9.5, 79.4] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.657 [0.446, 0.973] mg/100g (wet weight);