Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Carangiformes
(Jacks) > Carangidae
(Jacks and pompanos) > Caranginae
Etymology: Alepes: Greek, alepis, -idos = without scales (Ref. 45335). More on author: Cuvier.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; brackish; pelagic-neritic; depth range - 10 m (Ref. 86942), usually - m (Ref. ). Tropical; 0°C -
Indo-West Pacific: tropical waters.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 56.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 30573); common length : 30.0 cm FL male/unsexed; (Ref. 3287)
Adults are common in shallow coastal waters where it often swims near the surface. They form dense schools on clear inner reefs, swimming high above substrate (Ref. 48635). They feed chiefly on shrimps, copepods, decapods and small fishes (Ref. 30573, 90102).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Paxton, J.R., D.F. Hoese, G.R. Allen and J.E. Hanley, 1989. Pisces. Petromyzontidae to Carangidae. Zoological Catalogue of Australia, Vol. 7. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra, 665 p. (Ref. 7300)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: minor commercial
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 23.8 - 29.2, mean 28.5 °C (based on 2765 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5312 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01148 (0.00712 - 0.01853), b=2.89 (2.76 - 3.02), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.7 ±0.55 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (35 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 168 [87, 358] mg/100g ; Iron = 1.67 [0.92, 3.07] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.3 [17.1, 19.5] % ; Omega3 = 0.625 [0.290, 1.324] g/100g ; Selenium = 54.3 [25.1, 115.1] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 17.7 [5.6, 47.0] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.44 [0.95, 2.16] mg/100g (wet weight);