Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Carangiformes
(Jacks) > Carangidae
(Jacks and pompanos) > Caranginae
Etymology: Alectis: One of three Erinyes in the Greek mythology; daughter of Acheronte with a terrible rage.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; pelagic-neritic; depth range ? - 70 m (Ref. 2683). Subtropical; 42°N - 13°S, 19°W - 36°E
Eastern Atlantic: off Morocco to Angola (Ref. 4225, 57392), including southern parts of the Mediterranean (Ref. 4225).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 100.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 27584); common length : 60.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 3397); max. published weight: 3.2 kg (Ref. 40637)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 18 - 20. Diagnosis: body deep and strongly compressed, becoming elongate with growth (body depth comprised from 1.3 to 1.8 times in fork length); dorsal profile abrupt; mouth large, upper jaw ending below posterior half of eye; dorsal fin with 7 spines, becoming resorbed and indistinct at about 150 mm fork length, followed by 1 spine and 20-22 soft rays; anal fin with 2 spines, becoming resorbed and indistinct at very small sizes, followed by 1 spine and 18-20 soft rays; 1st dorsal- and anal-fin rays extremely long and filamentous in young individuals, becoming shorter in adults; pectoral fins falcate, longer than head; pelvic fins elongate in young individuals; scales very small and cycloid, hardly visible, absent on some parts of head and body; straight part of lateral line with 4-20 scutes; base of caudal fin with bilateral paired keels (Ref. 57392).
Coloration: silvery, with a faint metallic-blue tint on upper third of body and head; juveniles with 5 dark crossbars on sides (Ref. 57392).
Adults solitary in coastal water near the bottom to at least 50 m and strong swimmers (Ref. 7079, 57392). Juveniles usually pelagic and drifting, sometimes occurring in brackish water (Ref. 4225, 57392). Feed on squid and other fishes (Ref. 4233). Eggs are pelagic (Ref. 4233).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Smith-Vaniz, W.F., J.-C. Quéro and M. Desoutter, 1990. Carangidae. p. 729-755. In J.C. Quero, J.C. Hureau, C. Karrer, A. Post and L. Saldanha (eds.) Check-list of the fishes of the eastern tropical Atlantic (CLOFETA). JNICT, Lisbon; SEI, Paris; and UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 2. (Ref. 7097)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: minor commercial; gamefish: yes
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 18.6 - 27.9, mean 24.4 °C (based on 150 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.6250 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.02455 (0.01329 - 0.04535), b=2.83 (2.67 - 2.99), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.6 ±0.59 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Assuming tm=3-4).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate to high vulnerability (52 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 52.9 [27.8, 129.1] mg/100g ; Iron = 1.45 [0.79, 2.75] mg/100g ; Protein = 19.9 [18.7, 21.1] % ; Omega3 = 0.374 [0.203, 0.676] g/100g ; Selenium = 26.9 [13.0, 60.0] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 5.7 [1.5, 20.6] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.654 [0.402, 1.010] mg/100g (wet weight);