Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Aulopiformes
(Grinners) > Evermannellidae
Etymology: Evermannella: From Evermann, 1902, researcher about fauna (Ref. 45335).
More on author: Risso.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; bathypelagic; oceanodromous (Ref. 51243); depth range 100 - 1000 m (Ref. 4478), usually 400 - 1000 m (Ref. 27000). Deep-water; 60°N - 40°S
Eastern Atlantic: Portugal and Azores to Congo, and from Namibia to South Africa including the Mediterranean. Western Indian Ocean: off Natal, South Africa (Ref. 4058). Northwest Atlantic: Canada (Ref. 5951). Southwest Pacific: New Zealand (Ref. 5755). Southeast Pacific: Chile (Ref. 9068). Presumed circumglobal in the southern transition region. Southwestern Atlantic: Brazil (Ref. 47377)and Argentine (Ref. 44852).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 16.9 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 4478)
Oceanic and mesopelagic, most adults found between 400-1,000 m (Ref. 4478). Feeds on midwater fishes (Ref. 4763).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Johnson, R.K., 1990. Evermannellidae. p. 390-392. In J.C. Quero, J.C. Hureau, C. Karrer, A. Post and L. Saldanha (eds.) Check-list of the fishes of the eastern tropical Atlantic (CLOFETA). JNICT, Lisbon; SEI, Paris; and UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 1. (Ref. 4478)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 125652)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: of no interest
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 4.1 - 13.9, mean 8.5 °C (based on 654 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5352 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00417 (0.00159 - 0.01090), b=3.12 (2.89 - 3.35), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Subfamily-BS (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 4.2 ±0.73 se; based on food items.
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (11 of 100) .
Climate Vulnerability (Ref. 125649
): (0 of 100) .