Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Clinidae
Etymology: Clinitrachus: Greek, klinein, kline = sloping and bed, due to the four apophyses of sphenoid bone + Greek, trachys, -eia, -y = rough (Ref. 45335). More on author: Risso.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; demersal. Subtropical; 46°N - 20°N, 18°W - 36°E
Northeast Atlantic: Atlantic coast of Morocco and Portugal; Mediterranean Sea, Sea of Marmara and Bosporus Strait.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 10.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 4761)
Inhabits shallow water between dense algal growth. Feeds on bottom invertebrates.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Wirtz, P. and C.D. Zander, 1986. Clinidae. p. 1117. In P.J.P. Whitehead, M.-L. Bauchot, J.-C. Hureau, J. Nielsen and E. Tortonese (eds.) Fishes of the North-eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean. Vol. 3. UNESCO, Paris. (Ref. 4761)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 118484)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 17.6 - 21.4, mean 19.2 °C (based on 510 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 1.0000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00490 (0.00212 - 0.01134), b=3.05 (2.84 - 3.26), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.5 ±0.37 se; based on food items.
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .