Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Stomiiformes
(Lightfishes and dragonfishes) > Gonostomatidae
Etymology: Cyclothone: Greek, kyklothen, in circle, around (Ref. 45335); microdon: microdon meaning small toothed (Ref. 6885).
More on author: Günther.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; bathypelagic; depth range 200 - 5301 m (Ref. 58426), usually 500 - 2700 m (Ref. 82363). Deep-water; 67°N - 45°S, 180°W - 180°E
Widely distributed in all Atlantic, tropical and austral Indian and Pacific Oceans (Ref. 4463). Southern Ocean: probably circum-Antarctic between the Antarctic Polar Front and the Antarctic continental shelf (Ref. 5162).
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm 3.3, range 3 - 3.5 cm
Max length : 7.6 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 4925)
An oceanic, deep mesopelagic to bathypelagic species (Ref. 4769). Precise depth range dependent upon developmental stage, latitude, season (Ref. 4769). Doest not exhibit diel vertical migrations (Ref. 4769). A non-seasonal breeder with no recognizable age-cohorts (Ref. 82363). Feeds mainly on copepods (Ref. 4769).
Protandrous, sex reversal observed in the eastern North Atlantic (Ref. 5162). Sex reversal at 22-24 mm SL (Ref. 4769).
Quéro, J.-C., J.C. Njock and M.M. de la Hoz, 1990. Gonostomatidae. p. 283-292. In J.C. Quero, J.C. Hureau, C. Karrer, A. Post and L. Saldanha (eds.) Check-list of the fishes of the eastern tropical Atlantic (CLOFETA). JNICT, Lisbon; SEI, Paris; and UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 1. (Ref. 4463)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 125652)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: of no interest
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 123201
): 1.8 - 8.2, mean 3.2 °C (based on 7820 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.5001 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00372 (0.00170 - 0.00811), b=3.09 (2.89 - 3.29), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.0 ±0.13 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Assuming tm>1; Fec=2,000-10,000).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100).