Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; bathypelagic; oceanodromous (Ref. 51243); depth range 0 - 1485 m (Ref. 104125). Deep-water; 46°N - 40°S
Eastern Atlantic: Portugal to Mauritania including the Mediterranean, and from Angola to South Africa. Western Atlantic: Canada to 20°N and from Brazil to Subtropical Convergence. Also Indian (24°S-40°S) and Pacific (15°S-20°S) Oceans (Ref. 4066).
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?, range 6 - ? cm
Max length : 6.8 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 4479)
Oceanic and mesopelagic (Ref. 4066), found between 600-800 m during the day, nyctoepipelagic at surface and down to 300 m (Ref. 4479). Reach sexual maturity at 5.8 cm (Ref. 47377).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Hulley, P.A., 1990. Myctophidae. p. 398-467. In J.C. Quero, J.C. Hureau, C. Karrer, A. Post and L. Saldanha (eds.) Check-list of the fishes of the eastern tropical Atlantic (CLOFETA). JNICT, Lisbon; SEI; Paris; and UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 1. (Ref. 4479)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 118484)
Threat to humans
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 3.9 - 17, mean 11.8 °C (based on 653 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5020 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01000 (0.00413 - 0.02422), b=3.10 (2.89 - 3.31), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.0 ±0.00 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (28 of 100) .