Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Gadiformes
(Cods) > Macrouridae
(Grenadiers or rattails)
Etymology: Coryphaenoides: Greek, koryphaina = dolphin fish + Suffix oides = similar to (Ref. 45335). More on author: Günther.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; bathydemersal; depth range 610 - 4000 m (Ref. 3587), usually 1900 - 3700 m (Ref. 6187). Deep-water; 0°C - ; 59°N - 32°N
Atlantic Ocean: off Mauritania in the eastern Atlantic; in the western Atlantic, known from the continental slope and rise between 41° and 31°N, 65° and 78°W, from the Recife area and Mid-Atlantic Ridge between 35° and 45°N. Eastern Pacific: east of Prince Wales Island, Alaska (Ref. 26282) and British Columbia, Canada (Ref. 11980); to south of southern California (Ref. 36385).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 62.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 6187)
Morphology | Morphometrics
(total): 2. Body pale; lips, mouth and gill cavity dark (Ref. 6187). Branchiostegal rays: 6-6 (Ref. 36385).
Oviparous, with planktonic larvae (Ref. 36385).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Cohen, D.M., T. Inada, T. Iwamoto and N. Scialabba, 1990. FAO species catalogue. Vol. 10. Gadiform fishes of the world (Order Gadiformes). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of cods, hakes, grenadiers and other gadiform fishes known to date. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(10). Rome: FAO. 442 p. (Ref. 1371)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 1.5 - 3.3, mean 2.6 °C (based on 2442 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00209 (0.00101 - 0.00430), b=3.19 (3.01 - 3.37), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.7 ±0.47 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Very Low, minimum population doubling time more than 14 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): High vulnerability (60 of 100) .