Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Lophiiformes
(Anglerfishes) > Linophrynidae
Etymology: Linophryne: Greek, 'linon' = flax or anything made of flax such as "cord," "rope," or a "net" + Greek, 'phryne' = "toad" (refers to a toadlike fish that fishes with a net) (Ref. 86949). More on author: Regan.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; bathypelagic; depth range 200 - 1000 m (Ref. 86949). Deep-water
Atlantic Ocean: in tropical and subtropical areas. Pacific Ocean: Japan (Ref. 559) and New Zealand (Ref. 5755).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 7.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 10762); 7.7 cm SL (female)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 3. Metamorphosed females distinguished by the following characteristics: escal bulb with tapering distal appendage bearing proximal pair of stout, blunt lateral branches; tiny, filamentous, simple or paired secondary branches on distal tip of proximal branches and in pairs along primary branch, increasing in length and number with size of specimen; short, blunt or pointed posterior escal appendage; absence of additional escal appendage; barbel divided near base into 4 primary branches; subdermal pigment in two lateral bands along side of body; parasitic males without pointed sphenotic spines (Ref. 86949).
Also mesopelagic (Ref. 10762).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Bertelsen, E., 1990. Linophrynidae. p. 516-519. In J. C. Quero, J. C. Hureau, C. Karrer, A. Post and L. Saldanha (eds.) Check-list of the fishes of the eastern tropical Atlantic (CLOFETA). JNICT, Lisbon; SEI, Paris; and UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 1. (Ref. 10762)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 8.3 - 15.7, mean 11.3 °C (based on 214 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01000 (0.00244 - 0.04107), b=3.04 (2.81 - 3.27), in cm total length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.7 ±0.6 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .