Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Blenniiformes
(Blennies) > Blenniidae
(Combtooth blennies) > Salariinae
Etymology: Parablennius: Greek, para = the side of + Greek, blennios = mucus (Ref. 45335). More on author: Pallas.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; demersal; non-migratory; depth range 0 - 1 m. Subtropical; 47°N - 9°N, 32°W - 42°E
Eastern Atlantic: Loire, France to Morocco including the Mediterranean and Black Sea.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 20.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 3397); common length : 12.5 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 3397)
Are residents in intertidal areas with homing behavior (Ref. 32612). They are found between pebbles or at margins of steep, filamentous algae-covered rocks exposed to sunlight. They make underwater 'flight' over long distances. Feed almost exclusively on algae (Ref. 205), favoring the algae Ulva (Ref. 94105). Spawns from May to July. Oviparous. Eggs are demersal and adhesive (Ref. 205), and are attached to the substrate via a filamentous, adhesive pad or pedestal (Ref. 94114). Larvae are planktonic, often found in shallow, coastal waters (Ref. 94114).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Oviparous, distinct pairing (Ref. 205).
Zander, C.D., 1986. Blenniidae. p. 1096-1112. In P.J.P. Whitehead, M.-L. Bauchot, J.-C. Hureau, J. Nielsen and E. Tortonese (eds.) Fishes of the North-eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean, volume 3. UNESCO, Paris. (Ref. 5981)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: minor commercial; aquarium: commercial
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 15.1 - 20.4, mean 18.6 °C (based on 485 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01202 (0.00883 - 0.01638), b=3.02 (2.96 - 3.08), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 2.1 ±0.0 se; based on diet studies.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (30 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 127 [64, 252] mg/100g ; Iron = 1.6 [1.0, 2.8] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.7 [17.9, 19.6] % ; Omega3 = 0.337 [0.219, 0.535] g/100g ; Selenium = 28 [14, 56] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 9.32 [3.07, 27.77] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.24 [0.85, 1.80] mg/100g (wet weight);