Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; bathypelagic; oceanodromous (Ref. 51243); depth range 50 - 1000 m (Ref. 58302), usually 100 - 400 m (Ref. 47377). Deep-water
Atlantic, Indian and Pacific: in central water areas.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 18.5 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 4058)
Oceanic and mesopelagic (Ref. 7300, 58302). Feeds on fish and sepia by preferring the latter (Ref. 47377).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Johnson, R.K., 1986. Evermannellidae. p. 278-280. In M.M. Smith and P.C. Heemstra (eds.) Smiths' sea fishes. Springer-Verlag, Berlin. (Ref. 4058)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: of no interest
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 10.3 - 23, mean 15.3 °C (based on 756 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.7539 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00427 (0.00161 - 0.01131), b=3.12 (2.89 - 3.35), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 4.4 ±0.57 se; based on food items.
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (13 of 100) .