Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Clupeiformes
(Herrings) > Engraulidae
(Anchovies) > Engraulinae
Etymology: Engraulis: Greek, eggraulis, -eos = anchovy (Ref. 45335).
More on authors: Swain & Meek.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; pelagic-neritic; depth range 124 - 282 m (Ref. 5951). Tropical; 45°N - 0°, 91°W - 46°W (Ref. 189)
Western Atlantic: Massachusetts south to Florida and the northeastern Gulf of Mexico - at least to about Mississippi sound, but not recorded elsewhere; Venezuelan coast to northern Brazil at 2°19'N.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 15.5 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 37032); common length : 8.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 5217)
soft rays: 13 - 18. Hardly differs from European anchovy (see E. encrasicolus) and can be identified from that description. Differs from Atlantic species of Anchoviella by its much longer pseudobranch (more than eye diameter and reaching onto inner face of operculum); differs from Atlantic species of Anchoa in its short and blunt-tipped maxilla (cf. pointed and reaching onto pre-operculum or beyond) (Ref. 189).
Common in shallow sheltered waters like harbors, etc., forming compact schools. Spawning peak is in July or August. Eggs are ellipsoidal (Ref. 189).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Whitehead, P.J.P., G.J. Nelson and T. Wongratana, 1988. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 7. Clupeoid fishes of the world (Suborder Clupeoidei). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of the herrings, sardines, pilchards, sprats, shads, anchovies and wolf-herrings. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(7/2):305-579. Rome: FAO. (Ref. 189)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 125652)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: minor commercial
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 4.6 - 20.6, mean 6.6 °C (based on 137 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5020 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00457 (0.00212 - 0.00984), b=3.12 (2.95 - 3.29), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.0 ±0.1 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .
Climate Vulnerability (Ref. 125649
): (0 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 355 [141, 927] mg/100g ; Iron = 1.11 [0.55, 2.51] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.3 [17.0, 19.6] % ; Omega3 = 0.724 [0.389, 1.395] g/100g ; Selenium = 42.7 [16.3, 99.3] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 16.6 [3.9, 68.0] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.64 [0.97, 2.78] mg/100g (wet weight);