Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Gobiiformes
(Gobies) > Gobiidae
(Gobies) > Gobiinae
Etymology: Benthophiloides: Greek, benthos = depth of the sea + Greek, phyle, that loves (Ref. 45335).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; brackish; demersal; depth range ? - 15 m (Ref. 59043). Temperate
Eurasia: Black Sea, Sea of Azov, and Caspian Sea estuaries and rivers.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 7.2 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 4696); 5.1 cm SL (female); max. reported age: 1.00 years (Ref. 59043)
This species is distinguished from other European gobies by the following characters: body of juveniles with small, non-overlapping scales with long lateral ctenii; naked in adults; no chin barbel; 2 broad dark bars around the body, one below first dorsal, the ventral part of second bar wider that its middle part; no cephalic lateral line canals; second dorsal with 11-13.5 branched rays; caudal peduncle 1.0-1.5 times longer than deep (Ref. 59043).
Occur in deeper, standing areas of fresh and brackish waters. Feed on chironomid larvae, small crustaceans, and gastropods (Ref. 4696). Eggs are large and pear-shaped (Ref. 4696). Very rarely observed and lives only one year. Spawns in July to August with possibly only a small batch of about 20-30 eggs (Ref. 59043).
Miller, P.J., 1979. Gobiidae. p. 483-515. In J.C. Hureau and Th. Monod (eds.) Check-list of the fishes of the north-eastern Atlantic and of the Mediterranean (CLOFNAM). UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 1. (Ref. 4345)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.7500 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00575 (0.00261 - 0.01268), b=3.09 (2.91 - 3.27), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.4 ±0.49 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Fec=27).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 299 [104, 654] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.815 [0.364, 1.780] mg/100g ; Protein = 16.8 [14.8, 18.7] % ; Omega3 = 1.04 [0.38, 2.82] g/100g ; Selenium = 16.2 [3.6, 47.2] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 12.3 [2.5, 55.0] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.34 [0.77, 2.38] mg/100g (wet weight);