Classification / Names
Common names | Synonyms | Catalog of Fishes (gen., sp.) | ITIS | CoL | WoRMS | Cloffa
Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes
(Carps) > Cyprinidae
(Minnows or carps) > Labeoninae
Etymology: Osteochilus: Greek, osteon = bone + Greek, cheilos = lip (Ref. 45335). More on author: Bleeker.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic; pH range: 6.5 - ? ; dH range: 5 - 8; potamodromous (Ref. 51243). Tropical; 22°C - 26°C (Ref. 2060)
Asia: Mekong and, Chao Phraya basins, Malay Peninsula, Sumatra and Borneo.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm 29.0  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 60.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 30857)
Has 45-53 lateral line scales; 16-18 branched dorsal rays; an upturned mouth; a greenish to greyish body; a large, vertically elongated, blackish blotch above pectoral fin; sometime a faint round blotch on the caudal peduncle.
Occurs at midwater to bottom depths in rivers, streams, canals and swamps. Large individuals also occur in impoundments. Moves into seasonally flooded habits that supply its preferred diet of mostly periphyton as well as leafy plants like aquatic macrophytes and inundated land plants. Also feeds on phytoplankton, filamentous algae and benthic algae. Begins to return to the river in October, with numbers steadily increasing until January, when they begin to decline again. Large individuals are sold fresh or dried and salted, smaller ones are made into prahoc (Ref. 12693).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Are partial spawners.
Roberts, T.R., 1989. The freshwater fishes of Western Borneo (Kalimantan Barat, Indonesia). Mem. Calif. Acad. Sci. 14:210 p. (Ref. 2091)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 118484)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00525 (0.00282 - 0.00978), b=3.06 (2.90 - 3.22), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 2.3 ±0.18 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): High vulnerability (64 of 100) .