Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Clupeiformes
(Herrings) > Clupeidae
(Herrings, shads, sardines, menhadens) > Dorosomatinae
Etymology: Nematalosa: Greek, nema, -atos = filament + Latin, alausa = a fish cited by Ausonius and Latin, halec = pickle, dealing with the Greek word hals = salt; it is also the old Saxon name for shad = "alli" ; 1591 (Ref. 45335). More on author: Richardson.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; pelagic-neritic; depth range ? - 13 m (Ref. 86942). Tropical; 30°N - 21°S, 101°E - 152°E (Ref. 188)
Western Pacific: Ryukyu Islands to Queensland, Australia and Papua New Guinea.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 21.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 188); common length : 16.5 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 188)
soft rays: 17 - 26. Belly with 18 or 19 (rarely 20) + 10 to 13 (usually 11 or 12), total 29 to 31 (usually 30) scutes. Anterior arm of pre-operculum with fleshy triangular area above, not covered by third infra-orbital bone. Edge of lower jaw strongly flared outward. Pectoral axillary scale well developed. Hind edge of scales not toothed. A dark spot behind gill opening.
In the Trinity Inlet system, North Queensland the temperature range recorded for this fish was 26.0-29.0 °C (Ref. 4959). A filter-feeder (Ref. 188). More data needed.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Whitehead, P.J.P., 1985. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 7. Clupeoid fishes of the world (suborder Clupeoidei). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of the herrings, sardines, pilchards, sprats, shads, anchovies and wolf-herrings. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(7/1):1-303. Rome: FAO. (Ref. 188)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 118484)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: subsistence fisheries
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5005 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00955 (0.00819 - 0.01114), b=3.05 (3.01 - 3.09), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 2.8 ±0.28 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (24 of 100) .