Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Eupercaria/misc
(Various families in series Eupercaria) > Lutjanidae
(Snappers) > Lutjaninae
Etymology: Lutjanus: Malay, ikan lutjan, name of a fish. More on author: Valenciennes.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 5 - 90 m (Ref. 48635). Tropical; 24°N - 12°S, 59°E - 133°E (Ref. 55)
Indo-West Pacific: Seychelles and the Laccadive Islands to New Guinea and the Philippines. Often misidentified as Lutjanus lutjanus.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 30.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 55); common length : 20.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 55)
(total): 10 - 11;
soft rays: 8 - 9. Dorsal profile of head moderately to gently sloped. Preorbital width about equal to 2/3 of eye diameter. Preopercular notch and knob poorly developed. Scale rows on back rising obliquely above lateral line. Upper back brownish; sides whitish with a series of fine yellow lines on lower half of the body, and similar lines running obliquely above the lateral line (Ref. 469). Body depth 2.9-3.3 in SL (Ref. 90102).
Adults inhabit coral and rocky reefs (Ref. 55) in coastal areas and outer slopes. Forms large and small aggregations (Ref. 90102).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Allen, G.R., 1985. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 6. Snappers of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of lutjanid species known to date. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(6):208 p. Rome: FAO. (Ref. 55)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 27.3 - 29.2, mean 28.6 °C (based on 1038 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01445 (0.00699 - 0.02989), b=2.98 (2.82 - 3.14), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.8 ±0.6 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (27 of 100) .