Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Clupeiformes
(Herrings) > Clupeidae
(Herrings, shads, sardines, menhadens) > Ehiravinae
Etymology: More on author: Hamilton.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; freshwater; brackish; pelagic-neritic. Tropical; 24°N - 3°S, 81°E - 114°E (Ref. 188)
Asia: Indonesia, Brunei, Malaysia and India. Occurrence in the Bangpakong River in Thailand (Ref. 1632), Mekong (Ref. 12975) and Bangladesh (Ref. 1479) need confirmation.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm 4.4, range 4 - ? cm
Max length : 5.3 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 116918)
soft rays: 16 - 27. Body fairly elongate, belly keeled, with 11 + 6 or 7 (usually 7) scutes. Teeth minute or absent in jaws; second supra-maxilla at least as long as blade. Last two anal fin rays forming a separate finlet. Resembles C. laciniata which has more gill rakers, but fewer pre-dorsal bones. Species of Clupeichthys also have a separate finlet, but jaw teeth prominent and present on sides of jaw.
Occurs in rivers and estuaries (Ref. 4832). Also found in coastal areas of Bay of Bengal (Ref. 45255). Depth estimate based on ecology.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Whitehead, P.J.P., 1985. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 7. Clupeoid fishes of the world (suborder Clupeoidei). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of the herrings, sardines, pilchards, sprats, shads, anchovies and wolf-herrings. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(7/1):1-303. Rome: FAO. (Ref. 188)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 125652)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: subsistence fisheries
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.7500 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00794 (0.00452 - 0.01396), b=2.96 (2.81 - 3.11), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for species & Subfamily-BS (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.1 ±0.3 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Fec = 420-3,240).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .
Climate Vulnerability (Ref. 125649
): (0 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 247 [145, 451] mg/100g ; Iron = 2.12 [1.42, 3.32] mg/100g ; Protein = 17.7 [16.0, 19.1] % ; Omega3 = 1.26 [0.52, 3.20] g/100g ; Selenium = 12 [6, 24] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 13.1 [7.7, 22.6] μg/100g ; Zinc = 2.43 [1.75, 3.34] mg/100g (wet weight); based on nutrient studies.