Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Clupeiformes
(Herrings) > Clupeidae
(Herrings, shads, sardines, menhadens) > Dorosomatinae
Etymology: Microthrissa: Grek, mikros = small + Greek, thrissa, -es = shad (Ref. 45335). More on author: Poll.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; pelagic. Tropical; 3°N - 7°S
Africa: Congo River system in Dungu River and its tributary Garamba River (Ref. 188), and Lower Congo River (Ref. 188) in Democratic Republic of Congo (Ref. 47399). Also reported as Microthrissa cf. minuta from mouth of Niemba River, Lukuga River, an outflow of Lake Tanganyika (Ref. 93587).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 3.5 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 188)
soft rays: 18 - 21;
Vertebrae: 40 - 44. Diagnosis: Body moderately deep, its depth about 22-30% of standard length; scutes strongly keeled, 1 or 2 before base of first pectoral finray, 11-12 + 8; snout pointed; lower jaw not projecting, included in upper when mouth closed, with small teeth at symphysis; maxilla blade slender, more than 3 times as long as deep, upper edge with a ridge flared outward; second supra-maxilla small, shaft as long as spatulate blade; lower gillrakers 18-22; total anal finrays 18-21; scales in lateral series 37-40 (Ref. 188, 47399). It resembles Microthrissa royauxi, which has fewer gillrakers but more anal finrays, 14-16 and 23-27 respectively (Ref. 188).
A riverine species (Ref. 188).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Gourène, G. and G.G. Teugels, 1989. Révision systématique du genre Microthrissa Boulenger, 1902 des eaux douces africaines (Pisces, Clupeidae). Rev. Hydrobiol. Trop. 22(2):129-156. (Ref. 47399)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 120744)
CITES (Ref. 118484)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: subsistence fisheries
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5312 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00933 (0.00449 - 0.01939), b=3.05 (2.88 - 3.22), in cm Total Length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic Level (Ref. 69278
): 3.0 ±0.3 se; Based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .