Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; demersal; non-migratory; depth range 39 - 108 m (Ref. 9790), usually - m (Ref. ). Tropical; 0°C -
Southwest Pacific: restricted to the Arafura and Timor seas off Australia.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 30.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 9790); common length : 23.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 9790)
Morphology | Morphometrics
(total): 8 - 9;
soft rays: 11. Upper preopercular spine long, nearly reaching to near margin of opercle. Preorbital spine slight, often lacking. Infraorbital ridge usually smooth over anterior 1/4 of eye. Suborbital ridge bearing 3-4 spines behind eye. Interopercular flap absent. Iris lappet simple.
Inhabits the continental shelf off western and northern Australia (Ref. 9790). Benthic (Ref. 75154).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Knapp, L.W., 1999. Platycephalidae. Flatheads. p. 2385-2421. In K.E. Carpenter and V.H. Niem (eds.) FAO species identification guide for fishery purposes. The living marine resources of the Western Central Pacific. Volume 4. Bony fishes part 2 (Mugilidae to Carangidae). FAO, Rome. (Ref. 9790)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: of no interest
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 23.4 - 28.2, mean 27 °C (based on 174 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5312 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01000 (0.00244 - 0.04107), b=3.04 (2.81 - 3.27), in cm total length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.8 ±0.6 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (29 of 100) .