Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Eupercaria/misc
(Various families in series Eupercaria) > Lutjanidae
(Snappers) > Lutjaninae
Etymology: Lutjanus: Malay, ikan lutjan, name of a fish.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; demersal; depth range 70 - 100 m. Tropical; 22°N - 20°S, 49°E - 94°E (Ref. 55)
Indian Ocean: known only from Madagascar, Sri Lanka, and the Bay of Bengal, but probably widespread in the tropical region. This species has been frequently confused with other large red snappers such as Lutjanus malabaricus and Lutjanus sanguineus.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 60.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 55); common length : 55.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 5450)
(total): 10 - 11;
soft rays: 9. Dorsal profile of head steeply sloped. Preorbital bone relatively broad, its width greater than eye diameter. Preopercular notch and knob poorly developed. Scale rows on back rising obliquely above lateral line. Color is red or reddish-orange, sometimes with an indistinct saddle-like black blotch on the caudal peduncle behind the dorsal fin. Median fins are reddish, sometimes with a yellow suffusion or narrow brown or black borders; pelvic fins are red; pectoral fins yellow.
Adults occur over rocky bottoms. They feed on fishes and crustaceans (Ref. 5213).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Allen, G.R., 1985. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 6. Snappers of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of lutjanid species known to date. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(6):208 p. Rome: FAO. (Ref. 55)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 125652)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 123201
): 23.7 - 25.8, mean 24.5 °C (based on 9 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01445 (0.00702 - 0.02976), b=2.97 (2.81 - 3.13), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.7 ±0.54 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate vulnerability (44 of 100).