Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes/Serranoidei
(Groupers) > Serranidae
(Sea basses: groupers and fairy basslets) > Anthiadinae
Etymology: Caprodon: Latin, capra = goat + Greek, odous = teeth (Ref. 45335). More on author: Günther.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 0 - 400 m (Ref. 58302), usually 15 - 60 m (Ref. 30464). Subtropical; 19°S - 42°S, 114°E - 76°W
Eastern and western South Pacific: Exact distribution unknown because of taxonomic uncertainties.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 55.0 cm FL male/unsexed; (Ref. 89444); common length : 30.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 30464)
soft rays: 7 - 9;
Vertebrae: 26. Lateral line scales of individuals in the eastern Pacific is 58-65, in western Pacific 61-71 (Ref. 120532). Monochromatic orange-red or with black spots on the dorsal fin (Ref. 43805). Congruent rays of the dorsal fin and a caudal fin with a deep median notch in both sexes (Ref. 43805). Preopercle serrate, but without antrorse spines (Ref. 40817).
Occurs inshore near reefs (Ref. 7300). Benthopelagic and benthic (Ref. 58302). Feeds on plankton and small nekton. Occasionally caught on small hooks when fishing in midwater without sinker and make excellent eating (Ref. 30464). Its abundant gillrakers and stomach contents characterize it as an opportunistic pelagic polyphagic-zooplanktivorous predator (Rojas et al. 1998a, c) (Ref. 89357).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Paxton, J.R., D.F. Hoese, G.R. Allen and J.E. Hanley, 1989. Pisces. Petromyzontidae to Carangidae. Zoological Catalogue of Australia, Vol. 7. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra, 665 p. (Ref. 7300)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 16 - 23.2, mean 17.9 °C (based on 250 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.6250 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00955 (0.00398 - 0.02292), b=2.97 (2.76 - 3.18), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.9 ±0.63 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (34 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 26.1 [13.6, 53.4] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.919 [0.502, 1.546] mg/100g ; Protein = 19.2 [17.2, 21.1] % ; Omega3 = 0.223 [0.132, 0.391] g/100g ; Selenium = 20.2 [10.7, 37.6] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 56.8 [17.9, 189.9] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.711 [0.460, 1.186] mg/100g (wet weight);