Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Clupeiformes
(Herrings) > Clupeidae
(Herrings, shads, sardines, menhadens) > Dorosomatinae
Etymology: Amblygaster: Greek, amblys = darkness + Greek, gaster = stomach (Ref. 45335). More on author: Bleeker.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 0 - 50 m (Ref. 188). Tropical; 17°N - 19°S, 75°E - 179°W (Ref. 188)
Indo-West Pacific: southern coasts of India, perhaps Bay of Bengal, and Indonesia eastward to Fiji. Reported from New Caledonia (Ref. 9070) and Tonga (Ref. 53797).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 21.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 54980); common length : 15.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 188)
soft rays: 12 - 23. Body moderately deep, belly rather rounded, scutes not prominent. Distinguished from A. sirm by the absence of spots along the flank (gold in life, black on preservation) and fewer lower gill rakers. Closely resembles A. leiogaster, which has more lower gill rakers. Round-bodied Sardinella species have i 8 pelvic fin rays and more than 100 lower gill rakers.
Forms schools in coastal waters. Feeds on copepods, Mysis and other elements in the zooplankton. Used as bait in the tuna fishery.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Spawn in school (Ref. 205).
Whitehead, P.J.P., 1985. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 7. Clupeoid fishes of the world (suborder Clupeoidei). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of the herrings, sardines, pilchards, sprats, shads, anchovies and wolf-herrings. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(7/1):1-303. Rome: FAO. (Ref. 188)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: commercial; bait: usually
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 27.2 - 29.1, mean 28.5 °C (based on 988 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5625 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00912 (0.00433 - 0.01920), b=3.04 (2.87 - 3.21), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.1 ±0.28 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Assuming Fec > 10,000).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (24 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 141 [38, 405] mg/100g ; Iron = 1.37 [0.50, 3.44] mg/100g ; Protein = 20.6 [18.2, 22.8] % ; Omega3 = 0.306 [0.141, 0.697] g/100g ; Selenium = 56.9 [17.7, 162.8] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 52.5 [14.2, 241.9] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.44 [0.72, 2.85] mg/100g (wet weight);