Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Tropical; 3°S - 15°S
Asia and Oceania: New Guinea and Australia.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 20.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 44894)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Adults occur in lentic and lotic freshwater. They inhabit backwaters, swamps and turbid channels of large rivers (Ref. 2847). Found in small to large pools over rock and sand, usually in more open, unshaded sections of streams. Water temperature typically ranges between 25° and 30°C (Ref. 44894). Omnivorous species (Ref. 7300). Feed on benthic algae. Juveniles have been collected in September, suggesting that spawning occurs in the early to middle wet season (November to February) (Ref. 44894). Eggs are guarded and fanned by the male parent (Ref. 205).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Eggs are guarded and fanned by the male parent (Ref. 205).
Paxton, J.R., D.F. Hoese, G.R. Allen and J.E. Hanley, 1989. Pisces. Petromyzontidae to Carangidae. Zoological Catalogue of Australia, Vol. 7. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra, 665 p. (Ref. 7300)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.6250 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00955 (0.00341 - 0.02672), b=3.13 (2.89 - 3.37), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 2.0 ±0.00 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (27 of 100) .