Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Kurtiformes
(Nurseryfishes, cardinalfishes.) > Apogonidae
(Cardinalfishes) > Apogoninae
Etymology: Glossamia: Greek, glossa = tongue + Greek, amia = a kind of fish (Ref. 45335). More on author: Richardson.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic; pH range: 7.0 - 7.5; dH range: 12 - 20. Tropical; 23°C - 25°C (Ref. 2060); 3°S - 19°S
Asia and Oceania: New Guinea and Australia.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 18.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 2847); common length : 12.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 2847)
Adults inhabit still or gently flowing water of streams, pools, lakes, swamps and reservoirs, usually in well vegetated, shallow margins. Tolerant of temperatures to at least 38°C and pH range of 4.5-8.1 (Ref. 44894). Commonly found in rivers, creeks and lagoons. Nocturnal species (Ref. 7300). Solitary, carnivore. Most of its time is spent sitting motionless among plant cover waiting to ambush small fishes and crustaceans. Aquatic and terrestrial insects are also consumed (Ref. 44894). Males are mouthbrooders (Ref. 205).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
The male is the mouthbrooder (Ref. 2060). Distinct pairing during courtship and spawning (Ref. 205). Also Ref. 240.
Paxton, J.R., D.F. Hoese, G.R. Allen and J.E. Hanley, 1989. Pisces. Petromyzontidae to Carangidae. Zoological Catalogue of Australia, Vol. 7. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra, 665 p. (Ref. 7300)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5005 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01072 (0.00493 - 0.02329), b=3.12 (2.93 - 3.31), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.5 ±0.50 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (21 of 100) .