Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Clupeiformes
(Herrings) > Clupeidae
(Herrings, shads, sardines, menhadens) > Ehiravinae
Etymology: Clupeonella: Latin, clupea = sardine, derived from Clupeus = shield; diminutive (Ref. 45335); abrau: abrau taken from Lake Abrau found near the city of Novorossiisk in the northern Caucasus (Ref. 72388).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; pelagic; non-migratory (Ref. 72388). Temperate; 5°C - 28°C (Ref. 72388); 43°N - 37°N
Europe: Lake Abrau (freshwater, landlocked, at 70 m above sea level, near to Novorossiisk) in Russia; not Lake Apolyont (Turkey), which is linked to Sea of Marmora.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm 4.0, range 4 - 4.5 cm
Max length : 9.5 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 188); max. reported age: 2.00 years (Ref. 72388)
soft rays: 12 - 23. Body moderately slender, its depth about 19 to 23% of standard length; head short and narrow, interorbital width not more than 17.5% of standard length; belly sharply keeled, with 23 to 26 scutes. Pectoral fin tips pointed. Pterotic bulla absent. No notch at the center of the upper jaw. Last two anal fin rays enlarged.
Forms schools. Feeds on crustaceans (juveniles feed on copepods, rotifer eggs and plants). Breeds from May to October. The eggs are pelagic, developing rapidly before sinking to the bottom. Matures at 1 year, at 3.5 to 4.5 cm SL.
Whitehead, P.J.P., 1985. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 7. Clupeoid fishes of the world (suborder Clupeoidei). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of the herrings, sardines, pilchards, sprats, shads, anchovies and wolf-herrings. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(7/1):1-303. Rome: FAO. (Ref. 188)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 125652)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: subsistence fisheries
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.5078 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00871 (0.00365 - 0.02081), b=3.03 (2.82 - 3.24), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 2.9 ±0.34 se; based on food items.
Generation time: 0.7 ( na - na) years. Estimated as median ln(3)/K based on 1 growth studies.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (tm=1; tmax=2).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100).