Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Scombriformes
(Mackerels) > Arripidae
Etymology: Arripis: Latin, arripio, arripere = to take something suddenly.
More on author: Cuvier.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; brackish; benthopelagic; depth range 0 - 80 m (Ref. 6390). Subtropical; 27°S - 44°S
Eastern Indian Ocean: southern Australia from Western Australia to Victoria and Tasmania.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?, range 54 - ? cm
Max length : 96.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 33839); common length : 65.0 cm FL male/unsexed; (Ref. 27977); max. published weight: 10.5 kg (Ref. 27977); max. reported age: 9 years (Ref. 27977)
soft rays: 9 - 10;
Vertebrae: 25. Greyish or greenish black to steel-blue with yellow to blackish spots dorsally; silvery white ventrally. Pectoral fin pale yellowish, other fins translucent. Juveniles similar but with a greater number of spots and with dark fin margins. Length of upper lobe of caudal fin <29.9% (Ref. 9701).
Inhabit continental shelf waters including estuaries, bays and inlets (Ref. 6390). They school in shallow, open coastal waters, and can move over reefs in depths just sufficient to cover their bodies (Ref. 6390). Juveniles are found over soft substrates in shallow and sheltered coastal waters (Ref. 6390). They are often found over seagrass (e.g. Posidonia species) beds and in mangrove-lined (Avicennia species) creeks (Ref. 27967). Larger fish move into exposed, coastal waters, such as around rocky headlands, near reefs and the surf zone (Ref. 6390). Feeds on fishes (Ref. 2156). Minimum depth reported taken from Ref. 57178.
They are probably serial batch spawners (Ref. 6390).
Paulin, C., 1993. Review of the Australian fish Family Arripididae (Percomorpha), with the description of a new species. Aust. J. Mar. Freshwat. Res. 44(3):459-471. (Ref. 9701)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 125652)
Fisheries: commercial; gamefish: yes; bait: usually
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 123201
): 15 - 18.5, mean 17.1 °C (based on 162 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.6250 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00955 (0.00355 - 0.02566), b=3.01 (2.78 - 3.24), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 4.4 ±0.75 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (K=0.26-0.30; tm=3-6; tmax=9).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate to high vulnerability (48 of 100).
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 61.9 [33.2, 109.5] mg/100g ; Iron = 1.3 [0.8, 2.2] mg/100g ; Protein = 19 [16, 21] % ; Omega3 = 0.726 [0.354, 1.511] g/100g ; Selenium = 33.5 [15.0, 85.2] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 26.5 [8.1, 82.7] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.79 [0.54, 1.20] mg/100g (wet weight);