Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Pleuronectiformes
(Flatfishes) > Rhombosoleidae
(South Pacific flounders)
Etymology: Ammotretis: Greek, ammos = sand + Greek, tretos, -e, -on = full of holes (Ref. 45335).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; demersal. Temperate
Eastern Indian Ocean: southern Australia, from southern Western Australia to South Australia and Tasmania.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 22.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 9563)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 50 - 51. Body moderately deep (40-43% SL). Snout extended into a hook-like process projecting downwards in front of small, oblique mouth. Scales very small, rather firmly attached; ctenoid or cycloid on ocular side, mostly ctenoid on blind side. Pelvic fin rays on right side 12-14, left 3-4. Caudal fin rays 14 (Ref. 33839).
Found in coastal waters (Ref. 9563).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
May, J.L. and J.G.H. Maxwell, 1986. Trawl fish from temperate waters of Australia. CSIRO Division of Fisheries Research, Tasmania. 492 p. (Ref. 9563)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 118484)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5312 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01778 (0.00772 - 0.04098), b=2.97 (2.76 - 3.18), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.0 ±0.0 se; based on diet studies.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (17 of 100) .