This species is placed in the genus Tor in Eschmeyer (CofF ver. Jul. 2010: Ref. 84883).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Subtropical
Asia: Zhujiang River in China (Ref. 9671) and Viet Nam (Ref. 44416).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
max. published weight: 1.0 kg (Ref. 9671)
Head large; snout conical; lips extremely thick and rolled upward; barbels 2 pairs. Last unbranched ray of dorsal fin strong and serrated on hind edge, with a forward declined spine at the front of dorsal fin; anal fin long, extending to base of caudal fin.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Shan, X., R. Lin, P. Yue and X. Chu, 2000. Cyprinidae: Barbinae. p. 3-170. In P. Yue et al. (Eds). Fauna Sinica. Osteichthyes. Cypriniformes III. Science Press. Beijing. 1-661. (Ref. 45620)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 125652)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 1.0000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01175 (0.00546 - 0.02530), b=3.01 (2.84 - 3.18), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Subfamily-BS (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 2.9 ±0.3 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (16 of 100) .
Climate Vulnerability (Ref. 125649
): (0 of 100) .