Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Cypriniformes
(Carps) > Cyprinidae
(Minnows or carps) > Acrossocheilinae
Etymology: Onychostoma: Greek, onyx, -ychos = nail + Greek, stoma = mouth (Ref. 45335). More on author: Peters.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic. Subtropical
Asia: Reported from the Chao Phraya and Mekong basins (Ref. 26336) and Annam (Ref. 26580), Nam Ma basin, Red River and Nanpangjiang basins (Ref. 43281).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 31.6 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 82789); common length : 16.5 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 35840); max. published weight: 1.0 kg (Ref. 9671)
With wide mouth, width about 1.5 times in maximum head width; adults without barbels; last simple dorsal ray strong and serrated posteriorly (in specimens over about 10 cm SL); caudal peduncle 1.7-2.7 times longer than deep (Ref. 43281).
Adults live in rapid current of mountain streams.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Huang, H. et al., 1987. The freshwater fishes of China in coloured illustrations. The freshwater fishes of China in coloured illustrations. (Ref. 9671)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00871 (0.00465 - 0.01631), b=3.06 (2.89 - 3.23), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 2.7 ±0.3 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate to high vulnerability (46 of 100) .