Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Cichliformes
(Cichlids, convict blennies) > Cichlidae
(Cichlids) > Pseudocrenilabrinae
Etymology: Sarotherodon: Greek, saros, -ou = sawdust + Greek, ther = animal * Greek, odous = teeth (Ref. 45335). More on author: Trewavas.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; demersal. Tropical; 24°C - 26°C (Ref. 13614); 5°N - 4°N
Africa: endemic to Lake Barombi Mbo, West Cameroon (Ref. 52307, 81260).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 11.3 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 81260)
(total): 16 - 17;
soft rays: 8 - 10;
Vertebrae: 29 - 31. Diagnosis: 19-23 rakers on lower limb of first arch (Ref. 81260). Length of lower pharyngeal jaw 40-50% of head length (Ref. 81260), width 34.5-38.0 (Ref. 2). Pearly yellow in life, with no markings on body; preserved specimens dark grey on back, with a horizontal darker band in some; decurved snout (Ref. 2).
Seems to prefer shallow areas near the edges of the lake (Ref. 52307). Occurs in schools at the surface; stomach of specimens which were examined contained organic debris; benthic and epilithic diatoms, and sponge spicules were nearly always present and many had inorganic particles in the stomach; individuals were seen shoveling sand into the mouth, moving it about in the buccopharynx, then spitting out the sand and making swallowing movements (Ref. 2). Lacks marked sexual dichromatism when sexually active (Ref. 81260). Probably a biparental ovophilic mouthbrooder that forms little to no (Ref. 52307) and only temporary pair bonds (Ref. 81260).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Exhibits biparental mouth-brooding.
Trewavas, E. and G.G. Teugels, 1991. Sarotherodon. p. 425-437. In J. Daget, J.-P. Gosse, G.G. Teugels and D.F.E. Thys van den Audenaerde (eds.) Check-list of the freshwater fishes of Africa (CLOFFA). ISNB, Brussels; MRAC, Tervuren; and ORSTOM, Paris. Vol. 4. (Ref. 4999)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5001 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01738 (0.00747 - 0.04041), b=3.03 (2.84 - 3.22), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 2.2 ±0.15 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (15 of 100) .