Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes
(Perch-likes) > Bramidae
Etymology: Brama: Old French, breme, bresme = a fresh water fish; 1460 (Ref. 45335). More on author: Cuvier.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; pelagic-neritic; oceanodromous (Ref. 51243); depth range 1 - 300 m (Ref. 58302). Deep-water; 31°N - 20°S (Ref. 4936)
Circumtropical. Western Indian Ocean: East Africa to India, between the Equator and 10°S, Mozambique Channel, Seychelles, and Madagascar. Eastern Indian Ocean: Indonesia (Ref. 5978) and Western Australia (Ref. 49596). Western Atlantic: Florida and northern Gulf of Mexico in USA to Brazil (Ref. 7251). Eastern Atlantic: 20°N to 20°S (Ref. 4936). Eastern Pacific: Guatemala to Peru (Ref. 9282) and Chile (Ref. 27363).
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?, range 17 - ? cm
Max length : 22.5 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 45034)
Found near the edge of the continental shelf. Appears to spawn all year-round. Marketed fresh, and eaten fried.
An intermittent multiple spawner.
Gomes, J., 1990. Bramidae. p. 758-764. In J.C. Quero, J.C. Hureau, C. Karrer, A. Post and L. Saldanha (eds.) Check-list of the fishes of the eastern tropical Atlantic (CLOFETA). JNCT, Lisbon; SEI, Paris; and UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 2. (Ref. 4936)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 118484)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 18.7 - 28.2, mean 25.9 °C (based on 1189 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5039 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01778 (0.00758 - 0.04173), b=2.96 (2.76 - 3.16), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.8 ±0.6 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate vulnerability (38 of 100) .