Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Syngnathiformes
(Pipefishes and seahorses) > Syngnathidae
(Pipefishes and seahorses) > Nerophinae
Etymology: Dunckerocampus: From Duncker, an ichthyologist and taxonomist that recognized four Gobiidae families (1928) + Gr, kampe = bent. More on author: Regan.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 3 - 45 m (Ref. 9407). Tropical
Western Indian Ocean: Red Sea and Sodwana Bay, South Africa to the Chagos Islands and Maldives.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 19.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 48635)
Common among coral and in reef caves and crevices; usually found in pairs. Nearly always seen swimming upside down against ceiling of caves (Ref. 48635). Ovoviviparous (Ref. 205). The male carries the eggs in a brood pouch which is found under the tail (Ref. 205).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Male carries the eggs in a brood pouch (Ref. 205).
Dawson, C.E., 1985. Indo-Pacific pipefishes (Red Sea to the Americas). The Gulf Coast Research Laboratory Ocean Springs, Mississippi, USA. (Ref. 5316)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 24.7 - 29.4, mean 27.3 °C (based on 140 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5078 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00087 (0.00033 - 0.00232), b=3.03 (2.80 - 3.26), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.8 ±0.55 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (15 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 132 [73, 250] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.787 [0.482, 1.303] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.8 [17.6, 20.0] % ; Omega3 = 0.133 [0.079, 0.236] g/100g ; Selenium = 39 [19, 79] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 65.3 [22.8, 178.3] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.47 [1.02, 2.11] mg/100g (wet weight);