Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Ovalentaria/misc
(Various families in series Ovalentaria) > Pseudochromidae
(Dottybacks) > Pseudochrominae
Etymology: Manonichthys: Name is a combination of Greek manon which is a kind of sponge, and ichthys for fish, referring to the sponge-dwelling behaviour of the species under this genus.. More on author: Fowler.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 2 - 50 m (Ref. 37816), usually - m (Ref. ). Tropical; 0°C - ; 19°N - 9°S
Western Pacific: northeastern Indonesia and Palau.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 12.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 9710)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 14 - 15. Recognized by the long ventral fins, filamentous median fins, and yellow tear-mark below the eye. Found on steep slopes and walls with tubular sponges, usually in depths of about 20 m (Ref. 48635).
An uncommon species that inhabits steep outer reef slopes, in areas with dense coral growth (Ref. 9710). Solitary, sometimes seen entering sponges (Ref 90102).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Myers, R.F., 1991. Micronesian reef fishes. Second Ed. Coral Graphics, Barrigada, Guam. 298 p. (Ref. 1602)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 28 - 29.1, mean 28.8 °C (based on 40 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5078 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00490 (0.00190 - 0.01264), b=3.11 (2.88 - 3.34), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.7 ±0.5 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (22 of 100) .