Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Syngnathiformes
(Pipefishes and seahorses) > Centriscidae
(Snipefishes and shrimpfishes) > Macroramphosinae
Etymology: Centriscops: Greek, kentris, -idos = sting + Greek, ops = appearance (Ref. 45335); humerosus: Centriscops is the Greek word for bellows and eye (meaning a bellowsfish with a large eye) and humerosus for shoulders (referring to the large bony plates on the upper flanks) (Ref. 57469). More on author: Richardson.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; bathydemersal; depth range 35 - 1000 m (Ref. 9563), usually 400 - 750 m (Ref. 9563). Deep-water; 30°S - 56°S, 69°W - 175°W (Ref. 57469)
Circumglobal in southern temperate waters. Southeast Atlantic: South Africa, from Cape Columbine to False Bay; also reported from Tristan da Cunha and Gough Island (Ref. 11228). Southwest Atlantic: Argentina. Southwest Pacific: Australia and New Zealand (Ref. 5755).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 30.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 57469)
Occur on the continental shelf and slope (Ref. 9563; 7300). Feed on benthic invertebrates (Ref. 11228).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
May, J.L. and J.G.H. Maxwell, 1986. Trawl fish from temperate waters of Australia. CSIRO Division of Fisheries Research, Tasmania. 492 p. (Ref. 9563)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 4.6 - 9.7, mean 7.3 °C (based on 245 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 1.0002 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01479 (0.00597 - 0.03664), b=2.93 (2.72 - 3.14), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.6 ±0.53 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate vulnerability (44 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 42.1 [21.6, 88.2] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.35 [0.20, 0.63] mg/100g ; Protein = 17.3 [16.2, 18.4] % ; Omega3 = 0.291 [0.151, 0.547] g/100g ; Selenium = 21.2 [9.0, 46.5] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 13.6 [3.5, 49.7] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.525 [0.356, 0.781] mg/100g (wet weight);