Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Eupercaria/misc
(Various families in series Eupercaria) > Lutjanidae
(Snappers) > Lutjaninae
Etymology: Lutjanus: Malay, ikan lutjan, name of a fish.
More on author: Valenciennes.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 40 - 80 m (Ref. 75154). Tropical; 4°N - 24°S, 91°E - 154°E (Ref. 55)
Eastern Indian Ocean: known only from a few specimens collected at Indonesia (off Sumatra and Sulawesi) and west of Kuri Bay, Western Australia.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 30.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 55)
soft rays: 8 - 9. Snout somewhat pointed, dorsal profile of head sloping steeply. Preorbital bone relatively narrow, its width usually slightly less than eye diameter. Preopercular notch and knob poorly developed. Scale rows on back rising obliquely above lateral line. Generally red or pink when fresh; fins are red or orange. Juveniles under 10 cm SL have blackish caudal fin lobe tips, frequently also a crescentic blackish blotch in the middle of the caudal fin, sometimes also with a yellowish mid-lateral stripe extending from the rear edge of the operculum to the middle of the caudal fin.
Adults inhabit deeper reef areas. They occur solitarily or in small groups.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Allen, G.R., 1985. FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 6. Snappers of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of lutjanid species known to date. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(6):208 p. Rome: FAO. (Ref. 55)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 125652)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 123201
): 25.9 - 27.9, mean 27.3 °C (based on 75 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01445 (0.00702 - 0.02976), b=2.97 (2.81 - 3.13), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.8 ±0.6 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (20 of 100).
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 44.9 [30.3, 64.9] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.369 [0.253, 0.576] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.7 [17.4, 20.1] % ; Omega3 = 0.16 [0.12, 0.21] g/100g ; Selenium = 64.8 [45.1, 93.2] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 191 [38, 555] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.576 [0.431, 0.955] mg/100g (wet weight);