Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Gobiiformes
(Gobies) > Eleotridae
(Bully sleepers) > Xenisthminae
Etymology: Xenisthmus: Greek, xenos = strange + Greek, isthmos = throat, narrow passage (Ref. 45335). More on author: Klunzinger.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 9 - 24 m (Ref. 90102). Tropical
Indo-Pacific: from the Red Sea and East Africa to French Polynesia.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 3.1 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 90102)
A benthic, inshore species, on the sandy fringe of coral reefs (Ref. 75154). Also found in rubble in lagoons and sheltered waters in 9-24 m (Ref 90102) and crevices close to the base of fringing reefs in the depth range of 1.5-16 m (Ref. 115539).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Randall, J.E., G.R. Allen and R.C. Steene, 1990. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea. University of Hawaii Press, Honolulu, Hawaii. 506 p. (Ref. 2334)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 24.6 - 29.3, mean 28.3 °C (based on 2624 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5020 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00389 (0.00180 - 0.00842), b=3.12 (2.94 - 3.30), in cm total length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.1 ±0.3 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months ().
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .