Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Blenniiformes
(Blennies) > Blenniidae
(Combtooth blennies) > Salariinae
Etymology: Ecsenius: Greek, exenios, -os, -on = uncontrolled, immoderate.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range - m (Ref. ), usually - m (Ref. ). Tropical; 0°C -
Western Pacific: northern Great Barrier Reef.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 6.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 2334)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 15 - 17. Dorsal fin XIL13-15 (typically 14), deeply notched between spinous and segmented-ray portions. Anal fin II,15-17 (usually 16). Pectoral fin 13 or 14 (rarely 14). Caudal fin 13. Vertebrae 10 + 21-23 (usually 22). Dentary incisor teeth 44-51 which includes anterior canine teeth very similar in appearance with incisors; posterior canines usually one on each side. Lateral line without vertical pairs of pores, terminating posteriorly at point between verticals from
dorsal-fin spines 10 and 12. With cirrus on posterior rim of anterior nostril; absent on anterior rim.
Oviparous. Eggs are demersal and adhesive (Ref. 205), and are attached to the substrate via a filamentous, adhesive pad or pedestal (Ref. 94114). Larvae are planktonic, often found in shallow, coastal waters (Ref. 94114).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Oviparous, distinct pairing (Ref. 205).
Randall, J.E., G.R. Allen and R.C. Steene, 1990. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea. University of Hawaii Press, Honolulu, Hawaii. 506 p. (Ref. 2334)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00741 (0.00335 - 0.01640), b=3.02 (2.83 - 3.21), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 2.0 ±0.00 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (12 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 175 [86, 373] mg/100g ; Iron = 1.07 [0.62, 1.88] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.1 [16.9, 19.2] % ; Omega3 = 0.107 [0.054, 0.204] g/100g ; Selenium = 25.6 [11.7, 57.4] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 71.9 [19.7, 264.7] μg/100g ; Zinc = 2.62 [1.63, 4.32] mg/100g (wet weight);