Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) > Myctophiformes
(Lanternfishes) > Myctophidae
(Lanternfishes) > Myctophinae
Etymology: Myctophum: Greek, mykter, -eros = nose + Greek, ophis = serpent (Ref. 45335). More on author: Rafinesque.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; bathypelagic; oceanodromous (Ref. 51243); depth range 0 - 1000 m (Ref. 35388). Deep-water; 69°N - 15°N, 67°W - 36°E
Eastern Atlantic: Mauritanian Upwelling Region (15°N-20°N) with isolates as far as 30°N; includes the Mediterranean Sea. Western Atlantic: Greenland to USA.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?, range 5 - ? cm
Max length : 11.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 35388)
High-oceanic, mesopelagic (Ref. 4479). Nyctoepipelagic at the surface and down to 125 m and found between 225-750 m during the day (Ref. 4479). Feeds on copepods, euphausiids, zoea stages of Brachyura and fish fry (Ref. 4775). Sexually mature when 5 cm long. Female produces 8-900 eggs (Ref. 35388).
Hulley, P.A., 1990. Myctophidae. p. 398-467. In J.C. Quero, J.C. Hureau, C. Karrer, A. Post and L. Saldanha (eds.) Check-list of the fishes of the eastern tropical Atlantic (CLOFETA). JNICT, Lisbon; SEI; Paris; and UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 1. (Ref. 4479)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 118484)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 3.4 - 14.6, mean 7.9 °C (based on 627 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00389 (0.00180 - 0.00842), b=3.12 (2.94 - 3.30), in cm total length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.4 ±0.39 se; based on food items.
Generation time: 6.6 ( na - na) years. Estimated as median ln(3)/K based on 2 growth studies.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Fec=800).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (32 of 100) .