Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Atheriniformes
(Silversides) > Atherionidae
Etymology: Atherion: Greek, atherine = smelt. More on author: Smith.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; pelagic-neritic; depth range 0 - 10 m. Tropical; 21°N - 29°S, 77°E - 32°E
Indian Ocean: India to Natal, South Africa (Ref. 4125).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 5.5 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 4125); common length : 4.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 3302)
Usually caught offshore in depths of less than 2 m. Used as food for larger commercial species and possibly as bait.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Ivantsoff, W., 1984. Atherinidae. In W. Fischer and G. Bianchi (eds.) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Western Indian Ocean fishing area 51. Vol. 1. (Ref. 3302)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: of no interest
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.6250 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00389 (0.00180 - 0.00842), b=3.12 (2.94 - 3.30), in cm total length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.1 ±0.2 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (17 of 100) .