Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Kurtiformes
(Nurseryfishes, cardinalfishes.) > Apogonidae
(Cardinalfishes) > Apogoninae
Etymology: Cheilodipterus: Greek, cheilos = lip + Greek, di = two + Greek, pteryx = fin (Ref. 45335).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; demersal; depth range - m (Ref. ), usually - m (Ref. ). Tropical; 0°C -
Western Indian Ocean: Gulf of Aqaba and Ethiopia in the Red Sea.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 5.0 cm SL (female)
Color in life pale brownish gray with 5 dark brown to black stripes narrower than interspaces. A black spot, pupil size or slightly larger, laterally on middle of caudal peduncle. A small black spot on dorsal surface and another, less distinct, on ventral surface of caudal peduncle. Midcaudal spot encircled by yellow except for a small white area on posterodorsal section of caudal peduncle. Snout darker than body. Anterior 2 dorsal spines and tip of third spine dark with dusky membranes. Posterior spines of first dorsal fin dusky with transparent membranes. Spines of second dorsal and anal fins, and anterior edge of pelvic fins dusky to dark, but not as dark as dorsal fin spines. Fins otherwise transparent (Ref 8525).
Smallest female with mature gonad and large eggs measured about 3 cm.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Mouthbrooders (Ref. 240). Distinct pairing during courtship and spawning (Ref. 205).
Gon, O., 1993. Revision of the cardinalfish genus Cheilodipterus (Perciformes: Apogonidae), with description of five new species. Indo-Pac. Fish. (22):59 p. (Ref. 8525)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 24.8 - 29.2, mean 27.5 °C (based on 337 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00501 (0.00201 - 0.01253), b=3.26 (3.04 - 3.48), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.5 ±0.6 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .