Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Acanthuriformes
(Surgeonfishes) > Acanthuridae
(Surgeonfishes, tangs, unicornfishes) > Prionurinae
Etymology: Prionurus: Greek, prion, -onos = saw + Greek, oura = tail (Ref. 45335).
More on author: Lacepède.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; brackish; reef-associated. Subtropical; 15°C - 20°C (Ref. 27115)
Western Pacific: eastern Australia, including Lord Howe Island (Ref. 2334) and Japan (Ref. 27683).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 70.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 2334)
soft rays: 20 - 21. Colour grey-brown with indistinct dark bars on side of body, the 5 to 7 peduncular plates black. Body depth of subadults about 2 times in SL, the body becoming more elongate with age (to as much 3 times in SL in large adults). Adults developing a pronounced protuberance anteriorly on snout (Ref 9808).
Occurs along rocky shores and feeds on benthic algae. Juveniles found in estuaries and bays (Ref. 9710).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Probably spawn in pairs (Ref. 240).
Randall, J.E., G.R. Allen and R.C. Steene, 1990. Fishes of the Great Barrier Reef and Coral Sea. University of Hawaii Press, Honolulu, Hawaii. 506 p. (Ref. 2334)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 125652)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 123201
): 18.1 - 25.4, mean 23.3 °C (based on 108 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.5078 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01122 (0.00514 - 0.02450), b=3.04 (2.87 - 3.21), in cm total length, based on all LWR estimates for this body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 2.7 ±0.30 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate to high vulnerability (48 of 100).
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 26.7 [11.3, 53.4] mg/100g ; Iron = 1.01 [0.48, 2.07] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.7 [17.5, 19.8] % ; Omega3 = 0.364 [0.161, 0.863] g/100g ; Selenium = 19.5 [7.6, 45.1] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 28.3 [6.5, 119.4] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.15 [0.65, 2.03] mg/100g (wet weight);