Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Ovalentaria/misc
(Various families in series Ovalentaria) > Pomacentridae
(Damselfishes) > Microspathodontinae
Etymology: Microspathodon: Greek, mikros = small + Greek, spatha = spathe + Greek, odous = teeth (Ref. 45335).
More on author: Gill.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; non-migratory; depth range 1 - 5 m (Ref. 9334). Tropical; 28°N - 2°S
Eastern Pacific: central Gulf of California to Malpelo Island (Colombia), including the Revillagigedo, Cocos and the Galapagos islands (Ref. 9334).
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 31.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 28023); max. reported age: 20 years (Ref. 52465)
Adults inhabit rocky reefs, below the surf zone (Ref. 9334). Feed mainly on low-profile, attached algae (Ref. 28023). Defend both feeding and reproductive territories by driving off other fishes and divers who come too close (Ref. 28023). Oviparous, distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205). Eggs are demersal and adhere to the substrate (Ref. 205). Males guard and aerate the eggs (Ref. 205).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Oviparous, distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205). Eggs are demersal and adhere to the substrate (Ref. 205). Males guard and aerate the eggs (Ref. 205).
Allen, G.R., 1991. Damselfishes of the world. Mergus Publishers, Melle, Germany. 271 p. (Ref. 7247)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 125652)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 123201
): 24.2 - 29.2, mean 28.8 °C (based on 906 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.5625 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01950 (0.00943 - 0.04032), b=3.00 (2.82 - 3.18), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 2.1 ±0.05 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Low, minimum population doubling time 4.5 - 14 years (tmax=20).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (28 of 100).
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 39.5 [21.9, 67.8] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.576 [0.372, 0.963] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.4 [17.2, 19.5] % ; Omega3 = 0.107 [0.065, 0.173] g/100g ; Selenium = 29.2 [14.6, 58.3] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 45.8 [11.5, 179.2] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.35 [0.87, 2.07] mg/100g (wet weight);