Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Perciformes/Serranoidei
(Groupers) > Serranidae
(Sea basses: groupers and fairy basslets) > Serraninae
Etymology: Serranus: Latin, serran, serranus, saw and a fish of genus Serranus (Ref. 45335).
More on author: Cuvier.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; reef-associated; depth range 2 - 402 m (Ref. 9710). Tropical; 23°N - 35°S, 85°W - 33°W
Western Atlantic: Greater Antilles to Uruguay.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 8.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 59090)
A solitary species (Ref. 26340) inhabiting rocky and coral reefs and seagrass beds (Ref. 9710). Synchronously hermaphroditic.
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Robins, C.R. and G.C. Ray, 1986. A field guide to Atlantic coast fishes of North America. Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, U.S.A. 354 p. (Ref. 7251)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 125652)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 123201
): 17.3 - 27.1, mean 22.8 °C (based on 160 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01514 (0.00938 - 0.02442), b=3.19 (3.05 - 3.33), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & Genus-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.3 ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100).
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 153 [81, 349] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.87 [0.50, 1.54] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.3 [16.4, 20.3] % ; Omega3 = 0.189 [0.109, 0.333] g/100g ; Selenium = 26.7 [13.4, 52.9] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 144 [44, 470] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.79 [1.14, 2.74] mg/100g (wet weight);