Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Eupercaria/misc
(Various families in series Eupercaria) > Emmelichthyidae
Etymology: Plagiogeneion: Greek, plagios = oblique + Greek, geny, genyos, diminutive = face (Ref. 45335).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; bathydemersal; depth range 200 - 500 m (Ref. 115123), usually - m (Ref. ). Deep-water; 0°C - ; 22°S - 40°S, 14°E - 170°E
Indo-West Pacific: St. Paul and Amsterdam Islands, southern Australia, and New Zealand. Southeast Atlantic: Vema Seamount west of Cape Town and off Algoa Bay, and Walvis Bay in Namibia.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 60.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 5325); common length : 40.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 115123); max. reported age: 10 years (Ref. 35378)
Adults occur near sandy or muddy bottom in deep water. Feeds on larger zooplankton (Ref. 3394). Marketed fresh or frozen and proves to be an excellent foodfish (Ref. 115123).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Heemstra, P.C., 2016. Emmelichthyidae. pp. 2526-2533. In K.E. Carpenter and N. De Angelis (eds.). The living marine resources of the Eastern Central Atlantic. Vol. 4: Bony fishes part 2 (Perciformes to Tetradontiformes) and sea turtles. FAO Species Identification Guide for Fishery Purposes, Rome, FAO. pp. 2343-3124. (Ref. 115123)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 9 - 19.7, mean 14.2 °C (based on 63 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5313 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01072 (0.00498 - 0.02308), b=3.07 (2.87 - 3.27), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species & (Sub)family-body (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.4 ±0.45 se; based on food items.
Generation time: 3.7 ( na - na) years. Estimated as median ln(3)/K based on 1 growth studies.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (tmax=10; K=0.33; tm=3-4).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate vulnerability (41 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 20.2 [10.7, 35.5] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.425 [0.249, 0.681] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.1 [17.2, 19.0] % ; Omega3 = 0.336 [0.200, 0.565] g/100g ; Selenium = 24.9 [10.7, 47.8] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 9.33 [2.62, 30.41] μg/100g ; Zinc = 0.378 [0.272, 0.524] mg/100g (wet weight);