Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; demersal; pH range: 5.5 - 6.5; dH range: ? - 5. Tropical; 24°C - 30°C (Ref. 1672)
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 12.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 1672)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Vertebrae: 47 - 51. Color pattern consisting of 6-10 bars, usually irregular, with a dark large quadrangular blotch occupying the proximal half of caudal fin; median lobe of lower lip not produced into a barbel.
Facultative air-breathing (Ref. 126274); Lives in hill streams to lowland forest canals and peats (Ref. 57235). Oviparous (Ref. 205). Well known in aquarium trades as "Kuhli's loach" (Ref. 57235).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Oviparous (Ref. 205). Distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205).
Kottelat, M. and K.K.P. Lim, 1993. A review of the eel-loaches of the genus Pangio (Teleostei: Cobitidae) from the Malay Peninsula, with descriptions of six new species. Raffles Bull. Zool. 41(2):208-210. (Ref. 13770)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 125652)
Threat to humans
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00501 (0.00233 - 0.01079), b=3.07 (2.89 - 3.25), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.6 ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Generation time: 3.0 ( na - na) years. Estimated as median ln(3)/K based on 1 growth studies.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (30 of 100).