Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Cichliformes
(Cichlids, convict blennies) > Cichlidae
(Cichlids) > Cichlasomatinae
Etymology: Acaronia: From tupí guaraní, acara = the name of a fish (Ref. 45335). More on author: Heckel.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic; pH range: 7.0 - ? ; dH range: 12 - 15; depth range - m (Ref. ), usually - m (Ref. ). Tropical; 25°C - 28°C (Ref. 2060)
South America: Amazonas lowlands in Peru, Brazil, and Colombia, Bolivian Amazon basin, middle and lower Negro River, Branco River, also Amapá (Brazil), the Oyapock drainage in French Guiana, and the Essequibo drainage in Guyana.
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm 8.0  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 15.4 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 36377)
Collected from a small creek, quite sunny, with amber-colored water, slow current, muddy substrate and approximately 1 m in depth. Solitary. Feeds on shrimps, insect larvae of Odonata, Coleoptera and Hemiptera, as well as on fishes like cyprinodonts, characids. Males are bigger than females. Reproduction occurs during the rainy season. Found together with Pterophyllum scalare, Heros efasciatus, Hypselecara temporalis, and Mesonauta guyanae (Ref. 35237). Maximum length 25 cm TL (Ref. 2060).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Spawn on horizontal surface. Female tends eggs and male defends territory (Ref. 40602).
Kullander, S.O., 2003. Cichlidae (Cichlids). p. 605-654. In R.E. Reis, S.O. Kullander and C.J. Ferraris, Jr. (eds.) Checklist of the Freshwater Fishes of South and Central America. Porto Alegre: EDIPUCRS, Brasil. (Ref. 36377)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 124695)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: minor commercial; gamefish: yes; aquarium: commercial
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.7500 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.02042 (0.00927 - 0.04498), b=3.11 (2.92 - 3.30), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.7 ±0.57 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): High, minimum population doubling time less than 15 months (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (22 of 100) .