Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Characiformes
(Characins) > Lebiasinidae
(Pencilfishes) > Pyrrhulininae
Etymology: Nannostomus: Latin, nannus = small + Greek, stoma = mouth (Ref. 45335).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic; pH range: 5.5 - 7.0; dH range: ? - 4. Tropical; 23°C - 27°C (Ref. 1672)
South America: Coastal rivers of Suriname and French Guiana.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 3.4 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 37104)
Gregarious. Forms schools of about a dozen individuals. Frequently occurs upstream in counter current zones. Is an omnivore with a tendency to feed on insects (Ref. 12225). Crepuscular. Appreciated by aquarist notably for its tendency to live in groups and for it habit of swimming with the body oriented upwards. Reproduces in captivity. The spawned eggs, which are fixed to vegetal substrate, do not receive parental care (Ref. 27188).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Weitzman, M. and S.H. Weitzman, 2003. Lebiasinidae (Pencil fishes). p. 241-251. In R.E. Reis, S.O. Kullander and C.J. Ferraris, Jr. (eds.) Checklist of the Freshwater Fishes of South and Central America. Porto Alegre: EDIPUCRS, Brasil. (Ref. 37104)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 125652)
Threat to humans
Aquaculture: commercial; aquarium: commercial
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00603 (0.00259 - 0.01401), b=3.09 (2.89 - 3.29), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this Subfamily-BS (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.2 ±0.40 se; based on food items.
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low vulnerability (10 of 100) .
Climate Vulnerability (Ref. 125649
): (0 of 100) .