Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Characiformes
(Characins) > Prochilodontidae
Etymology: Prochilodus: Greek, pro = first, in front of + Greek, cheilos = lip (Ref. 45335).
More on authors: Spix & Agassiz.
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Freshwater; benthopelagic; potamodromous (Ref. 51243). Tropical
South America: Amazon and Tocantins River basins (Ref. 37057). Reported from Argentina (Ref. 9086).
Length at first maturity / Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm 19.8, range 19 - ? cm
Max length : 45.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 111518); max. published weight: 1.2 kg (Ref. 111518)
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Castro, R.M.C. and R.P. Vari, 2003. Prochilodontidae (Fannel mouth characiforms). p. 65-70. In R.E. Reis, S.O. Kullander and C.J. Ferraris, Jr. (eds.) Checklist of the Freshwater Fishes of South and Central America. Porto Alegre: EDIPUCRS, Brasil. (Ref. 37057)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 125652)
Threat to humans
Fisheries: commercial; aquaculture: commercial; aquarium: commercial
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.5001 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.01820 (0.01420 - 0.02331), b=2.94 (2.88 - 3.00), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this species (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 2.4 ±0.18 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (30 of 100) .
Climate Vulnerability (Ref. 125649
): (0 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 52 [14, 376] mg/100g ; Iron = 2.52 [0.79, 6.43] mg/100g ; Protein = 18.3 [15.9, 20.5] % ; Omega3 = 0.278 [0.125, 0.608] g/100g ; Selenium = 67.5 [31.3, 130.3] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 21.2 [8.4, 49.1] μg/100g ; Zinc = 2.09 [1.52, 2.90] mg/100g (wet weight);