Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Syngnathiformes
(Pipefishes and seahorses) > Centriscidae
(Snipefishes and shrimpfishes) > Centriscinae
Etymology: Centriscus: Derived from Greek, kentris, -idos = sting (Ref. 45335).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; brackish; reef-associated; depth range 0 - 10 m (Ref. 90102). Tropical
Indo-West Pacific: Indonesia, New Caledonia and northern Australia.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 30.0 cm TL male/unsexed; (Ref. 7292)
Morphology | Morphometrics
Found on coastal waters. Occurs solitary or in small groups in seagrass habitats, inshore or in estuaries (Ref. 48635). Benthic (Ref. 75154). Largest shrimpfish (Ref. 48635).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Grant, E.M., 1986. Guide to fishes. Reprinted edition. The Department of Harbours and Marine. Brisbane, Queensland. 896 p. (Ref. 7292)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 123251)
CITES (Ref. 123416)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 115969
): 24.2 - 29.2, mean 28.3 °C (based on 1572 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82805
= 0.7502 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00275 (0.00103 - 0.00737), b=3.10 (2.87 - 3.33), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 3.4 ±0.4 se; based on size and trophs of closest relatives
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Low to moderate vulnerability (34 of 100) .
Nutrients (Ref. 124155
): Calcium = 96.4 [47.1, 185.0] mg/100g ; Iron = 0.721 [0.437, 1.380] mg/100g ; Protein = 17.4 [16.2, 18.6] % ; Omega3 = 0.241 [0.119, 0.491] g/100g ; Selenium = 35.8 [15.8, 79.4] μg/100g ; VitaminA = 116 [34, 371] μg/100g ; Zinc = 1.72 [1.11, 2.62] mg/100g (wet weight);