Actinopteri (ray-finned fishes) > Stomiiformes
(Lightfishes and dragonfishes) > Stomiidae
(Barbeled dragonfishes) > Astronesthinae
Etymology: Rhadinesthes: Greek, rhadinos, -e, -on = soft, flexible + Greek, esthes, -es = suit, something used to wra (Ref. 45335).
Environment: milieu / climate zone / depth range / distribution range
Marine; bathypelagic; depth range 0 - 4900 m (Ref. 58018). Deep-water; 65°N - 46°S, 180°W - 180°E
Eastern Atlantic: Bay of Biscay to Mauritania and off Namibia; reported from Iceland (Ref. 12462). Also tropical Indian Ocean, eastern and western South Pacific, and central North Pacific.
Size / Weight / Age
Maturity: Lm ?  range ? - ? cm
Max length : 41.0 cm SL male/unsexed; (Ref. 4465)
Morphology | Morphometrics
soft rays: 18 - 21. Teeth on upper jaw slender, all short, widely spaced; 10 to 12 on premaxillary, 14 to 30 teeth on maxillary. No well-developed canines in jaws. Pelvic insertion nearer to tip of snout than to caudal base. Dorsal origin well behind pelvic insertion. Dorsal adipose fin absent.
An oceanic (Ref. 2802) and mesopelagic-bathypelagic species (Ref. 4465). Usually found deeper than 500 m during the day (Ref. 2802). Feeds on midwater fishes and crustaceans (Ref. 2802).
Life cycle and mating behavior
Maturity | Reproduction | Spawning | Eggs | Fecundity | Larvae
Gibbs, R.H. Jr., 1990. Astronesthidae. p. 300-307. In J.C. Quero, J.C. Hureau, C. Karrer, A. Post and L. Saldanha (eds.) Check-list of the fishes of the eastern tropical Atlantic (CLOFETA). JNICT, Lisbon; SEI, Paris and UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 1. (Ref. 4465)
IUCN Red List Status (Ref. 125652)
Threat to humans
Common namesSynonymsMetabolismPredatorsEcotoxicologyReproductionMaturitySpawningSpawning aggregationFecundityEggsEgg development
ReferencesAquacultureAquaculture profileStrainsGeneticsAllele frequenciesHeritabilityDiseasesProcessingNutrientsMass conversion
Estimates based on models
Preferred temperature (Ref. 123201
): 0.2 - 7.9, mean 3.8 °C (based on 1262 cells).
Phylogenetic diversity index (Ref. 82804
= 1.0000 [Uniqueness, from 0.5 = low to 2.0 = high].
Bayesian length-weight: a=0.00417 (0.00172 - 0.01010), b=3.05 (2.83 - 3.27), in cm total length, based on LWR estimates for this (Sub)family-body shape (Ref. 93245
Trophic level (Ref. 69278
): 4.1 ±0.68 se; based on food items.
Resilience (Ref. 120179
): Medium, minimum population doubling time 1.4 - 4.4 years (Preliminary K or Fecundity.).
Fishing Vulnerability (Ref. 59153
): Moderate vulnerability (40 of 100).